Jatropha – World Famous – Least Appreciated surprise Crop in Uganda
This world famous oil plant is a well known in Uganda. Its local name is Ekiroowa. It is used mainly as a sustain for vanilla plant or as a hedge and fencing material for animals. It is well known that its seed can produce oil. However very little is known as to what use its oil can be put to. Few people know that if you light the seed it will burn properly with a smokeless flame. And that the seed is poisonous if eaten. The sap of the plant is known to cure wounds. Since people have no use at all beyond the above not commercial uses, if it is used as a vanilla sustain of fence, it is pruned regularly and not allowed to generate a lot of leaves and the seeds, if they come are completely ignored.
Vanilla at one time was a very important cash crop generating Ug sh 150,000 ($75)per kg. but the price dropped drastically to Ug. Sh. 2,000 ($10per kg. This caused people to get fed up and start uprooting the vanilla and its associated Jatropha sustain. Its ironical, farmers are cursing the resilience of the plant that it is difficult to destroy as it will germinate almost anywhere.
replaceable Energy strength stop
In developing countries like Uganda, more than 95% of the people in rural areas do not have access to electricity or any form of modern energy source. The 5% in urban areas who have electricity are faced with continued load shedding and black outs because of insufficient strength supply by the national grid.
The country’s growing energy need far outstrips the projected generation capacity by the national grid. Installing of Combined Heat and replaceable Energy strength System based on pure plant biofuel in the range of 30 to 180kW would solve the rural electrification problem. This would generate strength to be distributed to the village households by prepaid meters. Farmers of the area would then be stimulated by the produced market to grow various oil plants as cash crops.
A similar strength systems can be installed in smaller buildings, such as; hotels, schools; colleges; office blocks and retail premises to greatly reduce the current load shedding problem faced in the electrified areas, and the owner of such system can already sell strength back to the national grid. This would go a long way to solving strength problems faced by developing countries. Some engineering workshops should set up facility to transform fossil fuel diesel vehicles to run on pure plant oil so as to create more markets for the locally grown plant oil and reduce countries dependency on imported fossil fuels.
Modern strength of the future
New strength generation, monitoring and control technologies based on distributed instead of centralized strength generation is the meaningful to developing countries strength of the future. By generating replaceable energy on a grid technology, we should enjoy shared facility such as, putting the surplus strength to other uses. Like pumping water. Heating water, Running cottage industries, and use in as a hobby and educational activities. This is better that strength from solar systems or secluded solar home systems (SHS). Solar energy is mostly appropriate to light loads. Also theft of delicate parts like solar panels is a big problem and a major deterrent to solar installations in developing countries.
Biofuel not biodiesel
We should point out that we are recommending the use of biofuel not biodiesel, a product offered as an different fuel for vehicles. Biodiesel manufacture often uses waste veg oil or fresh vegetable oil as a feedstock but this goes by a complicate esterification course of action, which involves the use of toxic reagents and chemical catalysts. In our opinion it does not make a particularly ‘green’ fuel.
We have 2 acres by the shores of Lake Victoria; Busaabala Kigo as a demonstration and training replaceable energy centre all planted with jatropha. The facility will demonstrate recovery of replaceable energy from various supplies like wind, solar, bio etc. We intend to install an oil mill and a diesel gen-set converted to pure plant oil to generate replaceable energy strength for local use.
The character owners contribution to Global warming
There is now little argument amongst experts that our climate is changing and that this is due to the activities of humankind since the industrial dramatical change. As a character owner or occupier it hardly matters whether you agree with this statement or not.
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)
In all developed countries It is now mandatory for organisations to reduce their carbon footprint and these will get a positive rating if they make an effort to reduce CO2 emissions and a good response from their customers.
characterize Energy Certificates (DECs) and Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs)
characterize Energy Certificates (DECs) are required to be properly displayed by such organizations to show the actual energy usage of a building, the Operational Rating, and help the public see the energy efficiency of a building. This is based on the energy consumption of the building as recorded by gas, electricity and other meters.
Similarly, Energy Performance Certificates are required on all public buildings of any size and all commercial similarities whenever the building is sold, built or rented.
These certificates provide a rating for the building; a numerical indicator of the actual annual carbon dioxide emissions from the building and a extent from A to G, where A is the lowest (best) and G is the highest (worst).
A replaceable Energy strength stop give a building a better rating.
The Carbon Reduction Commitment (CRC)
The CRC will be a mandatory emissions trading scheme, targeting emissions from large non-energy intensive organisations; estimated to cover up to 5,000 large businesses and institutions. This scheme will include, for example, supermarket chains, hotel chains, office-based corporations, government departments and large local authorities.
The CRC will cover all organisations whose electricity consumption is greater than 6,000 MWh per year; the equivalent to an annual electricity bill of approximately £500,000. All energy (other than transport fuels) will be covered, including electricity, gas, and heating oil.